Sleeping Bags are available in many sizes, fabric, fill, color, and price.
Personal First Aid Kit: The Troop gear includes a fully stocked first aid kit, but you should also carry a personal first aid kit to handle minor problems.
Kits are typically “personalized”, but all kits should include moleskin (for blisters), several adhesive bandages of various sizes, a few gauze pads, adhesive tape, and disinfecting ointment.
Self-inflating pads are not good for Scouts because they can be punctured.
A “backpacker’s pillow” is an optional added piece of comfort, or you can use your sleeping bag’s stuff sack filled with your fleece jacket and a tee shirt as a pillow case.
Note: sleeping bags should not be stored in the stuff-sack at home, as this will mat the filling, causing a reduction in loft, and thus warmth.
Bags are best stored in “cloth storage bags” or left laying as loose as possible.
Waterproof Pack Cover needs to be large enough to protect items strapped to the exterior of the pack.
A couple of large garbage bags may be suitable for summer hiking in the Sierras, but if multiple rainy days are anticipated a dedicated pack cover is better.
The conventional wisdom used to be that external frames are for trail hiking and internal frames are for off trail hiking.